Situated on the southern tip of the Sahara Niger covers an area of 2.266 million km2. The landlocked nation shares its borders with Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Nigeria, and Mali. Niamey is the capital city and is the nation’s economic and cultural epic-centre. Coal, uranium, limestone, ore and gold as some are Niger’s main natural resources. Niger has an estimated population of 20.7 million people, of which 81% reside in rural areas. Economic growth in Niger is estimated to be 5% according to the World Bank.
Agriculture contributes approximately 40 percent to Niger’s GDP and represents the second-largest export sector in the country. Niger’s economy is dominated by rain-fed agriculture, while livestock production accounts for about a third of the value added in the agriculture sector. Well-known for its reputations of quality meat throughout the Sahel, 12 percent of Niger’s total exports represents live cattle and meat. Niger’s leading sub-sectors are the agribusiness sector and the sector’s active the provision of agricultural inputs including fertilizers, hybrids seeds, and equipment.